Current trends in the archaeological heritage preservation: national and the international perspectives

CNCS-UEFISCDI project PN-II-ID-PCE-2011-3-0610 no. 327 / 24.10.2011

Abstract

Archaeological heritage helps to define the age and origins of a culture, the history and traditions of a people, a country or a certain ethno-cultural space in relation to other states or cultural spaces. Today, the archaeological goods are treated as par of all humanity which needs to be correspondingly to be treated. The preservation of archaeological sites is strongly linked to the study, safeguarding and evaluation of unearthed archaeological deposits. At the same time, this field is faced with the need to salvage or restore sites. As cultural heritage, archaeological goods, are very attractive for collectors, and become subjects of illicit activities, such as illegal excavations and trade. Hence, for preserving archaeological heritage we need an efficient management with frame of activities focused on preserving, research, conservation and restoration of the cultural resources for future generations.

Since 1989, Romania did a lot of things in order to develop a democratic society and to build a legal framework according to its European aspirations. But, the political, economical and social problems accounted during last two decades are affecting the most sensible areas, one of them being preservation of cultural heritage, in general, and archaeological heritage, in special. Therefore we consider as being opportune and useful a multilateral evaluation of the situation in Romania concerning the archaeological heritage preservation in comparative prospective with other European countries.

Sergiu Musteață, PhD